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Testing Directory

Science Lab


CBC stands for Complete Blood Count. It is a blood test that measures the levels of different components in the blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. The CBC provides important information about a person's overall health and can help detect a wide range of conditions, including anemia, infections, blood cancers, and immune system disorders. The test typically measures parameters such as red blood cell count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, white blood cell count, and platelet count. Depending on the results, further tests may be ordered to confirm a diagnosis.



CMP stands for Comprehensive Metabolic Panel. It is a blood test that measures various substances in the blood to provide information about the health of the liver, kidneys, and other organs. A CMP typically includes tests for blood glucose (sugar), electrolytes such as sodium and potassium, kidney function tests such as blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine, and liver function tests such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP), among others. The results of a CMP can help doctors diagnose and monitor various medical conditions, including diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease, and electrolyte imbalances, among others.



Lipid testing is a type of blood test that measures the levels of lipids (fats) in the blood. The test is typically done to evaluate the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, which is often linked to high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. Lipid testing can measure several different types of lipids, including total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides. The results of a lipid test can help healthcare providers determine the appropriate treatment plan, which may include lifestyle changes and/or medication to manage lipid levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.



A1C, also known as glycated hemoglobin, is a blood test that measures the average blood sugar level over the past two to three months. It gives an indication of how well an individual has managed their blood sugar level over time, which is important in the management of diabetes. The test measures the amount of glucose attached to hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. The A1C test is commonly used to diagnose diabetes and to monitor blood sugar control in individuals with diabetes.



Vitamin D testing is a medical test that measures the amount of vitamin D in a person's blood. Vitamin D is an essential nutrient that helps regulate calcium and phosphorus absorption in the body and is necessary for bone health. The two most common forms of vitamin D measured in blood tests are vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol) and vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol). Testing for vitamin D levels is often done to assess whether someone has a deficiency or insufficiency of vitamin D. Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency include fatigue, muscle weakness, bone pain, and an increased risk of fractures. Vitamin D testing can be done through a simple blood test, which measures the concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the blood.




TSH, T3 and T4

A thyroid profile is a blood test that measures various thyroid hormone levels in the blood to evaluate thyroid function. The thyroid gland, which is located in the neck, produces hormones that play an important role in regulating metabolism and other bodily functions. The thyroid profile typically includes measurements of:


Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH): a hormone produced by the pituitary gland that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones.

Thyroxine (T4): a hormone produced by the thyroid gland that plays a role in regulating metabolism.

Triiodothyronine (T3): a hormone produced by the thyroid gland that is more active than T4 and also plays a role in regulating metabolism.

Free Thyroxine (Free T4): a measurement of the amount of unbound T4 hormone in the blood, which provides an indication of the active T4 hormone available in the body.

Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies (TPO): an antibody that can indicate autoimmune thyroid disease, which is a common cause of thyroid dysfunction.

A thyroid profile can help diagnose thyroid disorders such as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and autoimmune thyroid disease. It can also be used to monitor the effectiveness of thyroid hormone replacement therapy.



HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that attacks the body's immune system, which can eventually lead to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). AIDS is a condition that can develop as a result of advanced HIV infection, and it weakens the immune system to the point where the body cannot fight off infections and diseases.


HIV and AIDS testing involves a blood test that looks for the presence of antibodies to the virus. This test is usually done anonymously and confidentially, and it can be performed at a doctor's office, a clinic, or a public health department. The test can detect the virus within weeks after infection and is the most effective way to determine whether or not someone has been infected with HIV. It's important to get tested regularly for HIV if you are sexually active or have engaged in behaviors that put you at risk for infection. Early detection and treatment can help prevent the progression of the virus to AIDS and improve outcomes for people living with HIV.



Herpes 1 and 2 testing is a type of medical testing that detects the presence of antibodies or the actual virus responsible for causing herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) infections. These viruses can cause recurrent outbreaks of painful blisters or sores on or around the mouth (HSV-1) or genital area (HSV-2).


Testing for herpes typically involves a blood test to detect the presence of antibodies to the virus. These antibodies are produced by the immune system in response to the virus and can persist in the bloodstream for years after infection. Alternatively, a swab of a blister or sore can be taken to directly test for the presence of the virus itself using a laboratory technique called PCR (polymerase chain reaction). It is important to note that not everyone infected with herpes will experience symptoms and that herpes can be transmitted even when no symptoms are present.



Chlamydia testing is a medical test used to detect the presence of the Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium, which is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). There are different types of chlamydia tests, including urine tests, swab tests, and blood tests. The most common type of test involves taking a swab sample from the affected area, such as the urethra, cervix, or rectum. The sample is then sent to a laboratory for analysis to determine if the bacterium is present. Early detection and treatment of chlamydia can prevent serious health problems, such as infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease, and ectopic pregnancy.


Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. Syphilis testing is a medical test used to determine whether a person has been infected with the bacterium that causes syphilis. Syphilis testing can involve blood tests or a physical examination of the genitals, anus, or mouth for signs of syphilis sores. Early diagnosis and treatment of syphilis are important to prevent serious health complications. Testing for syphilis is recommended for individuals who are sexually active or who have a higher risk of contracting the infection.



Trichomoniasis testing is a medical test used to detect the presence of the Trichomonas vaginalis parasite, which causes trichomoniasis, a sexually transmitted infection (STI). The test usually involves collecting a sample of vaginal fluid in women or urine in men and women, which is then analyzed in a laboratory to check for the presence of the parasite. The test may also be performed by swabbing the inside of the urethra in men or women or the cervix in women. Testing for trichomoniasis is important because it can help diagnose the infection and allow for prompt treatment, which can help prevent the spread of the infection to sexual partners.



A drug testing panel is a combination of different drug tests used to detect the presence of specific drugs or their metabolites in a person's body. These tests are typically done using a sample of the person's urine, blood, hair, or saliva.


The drug testing panel can vary depending on the purpose of the testing. For example, a standard 5-panel drug test usually tests for five commonly abused drugs, including marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, opioids, and PCP. A 10-panel drug test can test for additional drugs such as benzodiazepines, barbiturates, methadone, propoxyphene, and methaqualone.


Employers often use drug testing panels as a part of their pre-employment screening process, while healthcare providers may use them to monitor patients for medication adherence or drug abuse. Drug testing panels can also be used in forensic investigations, such as in cases of driving under the influence or suspected drug-related crimes.

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